Germany has long been an attractive prospect for entrepreneurs. This country has remained at the top of the economic pecking order, breaking its own GDP records in 2011. With a robust export sector and high-skilled labor force, it’s little wonder that Germany has remained at the forefront of the chemical, automobile, and electronics industries for decades. Looking to capitalize on this buoyant economy? German classes with private tutors might be an idea if you’re eager to explore this corner of Europe for yourself. However, starting a business from scratch in Germany isn’t easy.
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What Kind of Business Do You Want to Start?
Foreign investors are welcome to establish an enterprise in Germany. Unlike other countries, there’s no requirement for German shareholders to be involved to get a business off the ground. International entrepreneurs have several options available here. They can opt to establish a branch office in the German city of their choice or create a public corporation or limited liability company.
A limited liability company, better known as a GmbH, is the most common type of business in Germany. It guarantees a complete suite of protections and services that a full-fledged business will need. However, it takes time and money to establish one. Businesses with a presence elsewhere in the world are often better served by establishing a branch office instead.
How Much Does it Cost to Start a Business in Germany?
In 2022, more than 115,000 new businesses were registered in Germany. However, the number of new startups in fell by 18% compared to 2021. Even economic heavyweights like Berlin and Frankfurt weren’t immune. One of the biggest reasons behind this is a failure to anticipate the cost of setting up a business in Germany.
For a German GmBH, businesses need to invest share capital of at least €25,000, with at least half of this in a German bank account. However, no such rules apply when setting up a branch office. That being said, a small registration fee and notary costs need to be considered. If you’re bringing in the services of auditors, tax advisors, and legal support, costs can quickly stack up.
Regardless of what type of enterprise you’re establishing, you’ll be liable to pay tax in Germany. To do this, you’ll first need to register with the relevant tax authority. This needs to be done within four working weeks of commencing operation. Generally speaking, most businesses end up paying around 30% of corporate income tax.
Understanding Employment Laws
If you’re new to the German labor market, employer contributions can take a little getting used to. In Germany, employers are responsible for paying a share toward benefits including disability allowance, pensions, health insurance, and more. These tax contributions are matched by the employee themselves, with employers needing to deduct the entire amount from final salaries.
Is There Any Help Available?
While there aren’t any nationwide incentives to encourage startups in Germany, many individual cities and states do provide support. In eastern German states like Saxony and Brandenburg, new enterprises can secure up to 40% of startup funding if they meet strict criteria. If you’re worried about import duties and the costs associated with importing products from outside of the EU, you can also consider setting up shop in places like Cuxhaven and Bremerhaven. These free zones are exempt from domestic sales tax, making them ideal for businesses looking to make a saving on fulfillment logistics.